## Description

**Solution Manual for Political Science Research Methods 9th Edition Johnson**

**Downloadable Instructor Solution Manual for Political Science Research Methods 9th Edition By Janet Buttolph Johnson, H. T. Reynolds, Jason D. Mycoff, ISBN: 9781544331430, ISBN: 9781544331577**

**Table Of Content**

Research on Income Inequality

Politics and the Gender Gap

The Case of Italian (Non) Tax Compliance

Protests and Repression in New Democracies

The Observer Effect in International Politics: Evidence from a Natural Experiment

Conclusion

Terms Introduced

Elements of Empiricism

The Importance of Theory

A Brief Overview of the Empirical Research Process

Reactions to the Empirical Approach: Practical Objections

Competing Points of View

Conclusion

Terms Introduced

Suggested Readings

Specifying the Research Question

Sources of Ideas for Research Topics

Why Conduct a Literature Review?

Collecting Sources for a Literature Review

Writing a Literature Review

Anatomy of a Literature Review

Conclusion

Terms Introduced

Suggested Readings

Proposing Explanations

Formulating Hypotheses

Defining Concepts

Devising Measurement Strategies

The Accuracy of Measurements

The Precision of Measurements

Conclusion

Terms Introduced

Suggested Readings

The Basics of Sampling

How Do We Use a Sample to Learn About a Population?

Sampling Methods

Types of Samples

Conclusion

Terms Introduced

Suggested Readings

Verifying Causal Assertions

Qualitative and Quantitative Methods and Analysis: Causes-of-Effects and Effects-of-Causes Approaches

Conclusion

Terms Introduced

Suggested Readings

Case Study Methods

Case Study Types

Using Cases to Explore Causal Mechanisms: Process Tracing

Generalizing from Cases Studies

Conclusion

Terms Introduced

Suggested Readings

Types of Data and Collection Techniques

Data Collection in Qualitative Research

Conclusion

Terms Introduced

Suggested Readings

Randomized Experimental Designs

Natural Experiments

Nonrandomized Designs: Quasi-Experiments

Observational Studies

Conclusion

Terms Introduced

Suggested Readings

The Wide Variety of Quantitative Projects

Sources of Data for Quantitative Studies

Data Management

Ethical Concerns with Quantitative Methods

Conclusion

Terms Introduced

Suggested Readings

The Data Matrix

Descriptive Statistics

Graphs for Presentation and Exploration

Conclusion

Terms Introduced

Suggested Readings

The Normal Distribution and z Scores

Confidence Intervals

Hypothesis Testing

Testing a Relationship with Two Samples

Conclusion

Terms Introduced

Suggested Readings

The Basics of Identifying and Measuring Relationships

Table Summaries of Categorical Variable Associations

Measuring Strength of Relationships in Tables

Measures of Association: Statistics for Reporting the Strength of Relationships in Tables

Chi Square Test for Independence

Multivariate Analysis of Categorical Data

Analysis of Variance: Analyzing the Difference between Means for More Than Two Means

Conclusion

Terms Introduced

Suggested Readings

Logic of Regression

Minimizing the Sum of the Squared Error

The Linear Regression Model

Maximum Likelihood Models for Dichotomous Dependent Variables

Conclusion

Terms Introduced

Suggested Readings

Appendix A: Normal Curve Tail Probabilities

Appendix B: Critical Values from t Distribution

Appendix C: Chi-Squared Distribution Values for Various Right-Tail Probabilities

Appendix D: F Distribution