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Test Bank (Downloadable Product) for Criminological Theory A Text/Reader 3rd Edition By Stephen G. Tibbetts, Craig Hemmens, ISBN: 9781506367828, ISBN: 9781544327747, ISBN: 9781544327754

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Test Bank for Criminological Theory A Text/Reader 3rd Edition Tibbetts

Downlaodable Instructor Test Bank for Criminological Theory A Text/Reader 3rd Edition By Stephen G. Tibbetts, Craig Hemmens, ISBN: 9781506367828, ISBN: 9781544327747, ISBN: 9781544327754

Table Of Content

Foreword
Preface
SECTION I. Introduction to the Book: An Overview of Issues in Criminological Theory

What Is Criminology, and How Does It Differ from Other Examinations of Crime?

What Is Theory?

What Is Crime?

How Are Criminological Theories Classified? The Major Theoretical Paradigms

Characteristics of Good Theories

Measures of Crime

Rates of Crime

Policy Implications

Conclusion

SECTION SUMMARY

KEY TERMS

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

WEB RESOURCES

READING 1. The Use and Usefulness of Criminology, 1751–2005: Enlightened Justice and Its Failures

SECTION II. Preclassical and Classical Theories of Crime

Preclassical Perspectives of Crime and Punishment

The Age of Enlightenment

The Classical School of Criminology

The Neoclassical School of Criminology

Loss of Dominance of Classical and Neoclassical Theory

Policy Implications

Conclusion

SECTION SUMMARY

KEY TERMS

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

WEB RESOURCES

READING 2. On Crimes and Punishments

READING 3. Media Consumption and Support for Capital Punishment

SECTION III. Modern Applications of the Classical Perspective: Deterrence, Rational Choice, and Routine Activities or Lifestyle Theories of Crime

The Rebirth of Deterrence Theory and Contemporary Research

Rational Choice Theory

Routine Activities Theory

Policy Implications

Conclusion

SECTION SUMMARY

KEY TERMS

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

WEB RESOURCES

READING 4. The Effects of Focused Deterrence Strategies on Crime: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Empirical Evidence

READING 5. Specifying the Direct and Indirect Effects of Low Self-Control and Situational Factors in Offenders’ Decision Making: Toward a More Complete Model of Rational Offending

READING 6. Crime and Public Transportation: A Case Study of Ottawa’s O-Train System

SECTION IV. Early Positive School Perspectives of Criminality

Lombroso’s Theory of Atavism and Born Criminals

The IQ Testing Era

Body Type Theory: Sheldon’s Model of Somatotyping

Policy Implications

Conclusion

SECTION SUMMARY

KEY TERMS

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

WEB RESOURCES

READING 7. The Criminal Man (L’uomo delinquente)

READING 8. IQ and Delinquency: The Differential Detection Hypothesis Revisited

SECTION V. Modern Biosocial Perspectives of Criminal Behavior

Nature versus Nurture: Studies Examining the Influence of Genetics and Environment

Cytogenetic Studies: The XYY Factor

Hormones and Neurotransmitters: Chemicals That Determine Criminal Behavior

Brain Injuries

Central and Autonomic Nervous System Activity

Biosocial Approaches to Explaining Criminal Behavior

Policy Implications

Conclusion

SECTION SUMMARY

KEY TERMS

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

WEB RESOURCES

READING 9. A Theory Explaining Biological Correlates of Criminality

READING 10. Criminal Behavior: The Need for an Integrative Approach That Incorporates Biological Influences

READING 11. A Life-Course Analysis of the Criminogenic Effects of Maternal Cigarette Smoking during

SECTION VI. Early Social Structure and Strain Theories of Crime

Early Theories of Social Structure: Early to Mid-1800s

Strain Theories

Policy Implications

Conclusion

SECTION SUMMARY

KEY TERMS

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

WEB RESOURCES

READING 12. Social Structure and Anomie

READING 13. Anomic Strain and External Constraints: A Reassessment of Merton’s Anomie/Strain Theory Using Data from Ukraine

READING 14. Gender and General Strain Theory: A Comparison of Strains, Mediating, and Moderating Effects Explaining Three Types of Delinquency

SECTION VII. The Chicago School and Cultural and Subcultural Theories of Crime

The Ecological School and the Chicago School of Criminology

Cultural and Subcultural Theories of Crime

Policy Implications

Conclusion

SECTION SUMMARY

KEY TERMS

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

WEB RESOURCES

READING 15. Delinquency Rates and Community Characteristics

READING 16. Social Disorganization and Homicide in Recife, Brazil

READING 17. Peaceful Warriors: Codes for Violence among Adult Male Bar Fighters

SECTION VIII. Social Process and Learning Theories of Crime

Learning Theories

Control Theories

Policy Implications

Conclusion

SECTION SUMMARY

KEY TERMS

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

WEB RESOURCES

READING 18. A Sociological Theory of Criminal Behavior

READING 19. A Social Learning Theory of Crime

READING 20. Do Women and Men Differ in Their Neutralizations of Corporate Crime?

READING 21. Peers and Delinquency among Girls and Boys: Are Sex Differences in Delinquency Explained by Peer Factors?

SECTION IX. Social Reaction and Critical Models of Crime

Labeling and Social Reaction Theory

Marxist Theories of Crime

Conflict Theories of Crime

Policy Implications

Conclusion

SECTION SUMMARY

KEY TERMS

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

WEB RESOURCES

READING 22. Informal Reactions and Delinquency

READING 23. Neighborhood Variation in Police Stops and Searches: A Test of Consensus and Conflict Perspectives

SECTION X. Feminist Models of Crime

Feminist Theories of Crime

Key Terms in the Feminist Perspective

Key Issues in Research on Gender Differences in Offending

Types of Feminism

Critiques of Feminist Theories

Policy Implications

Conclusion

SECTION SUMMARY

KEY TERMS

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

WEB RESOURCES

READING 24. Patriarchy, Crime, and Justice: Feminist Criminology in an Era of Backlash

READING 25. The Intersectional Alternative: Explaining Female Criminality

SECTION XI. Life-Course Perspectives of Criminality

Developmental Theories

Policy Implications

Conclusion

SECTION SUMMARY

KEY TERMS

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

WEB RESOURCES

READING 26. Criminal Career Paradigm: Background, Recent Developments, and the Way Forward

READING 27. Serious, Violent Young Offenders in South Africa: Are They Life-Course Persistent Offenders?

READING 28. Unintended Consequences: Policy Implications of the NAS Report on Criminal Careers and Career Criminals

SECTION XII. Integrated Theoretical Models and New Perspectives of Crime

Integrated Theories

Policy Implications

Conclusion

SECTION SUMMARY

KEY TERMS

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

WEB RESOURCES

READING 29. An Integrated Theoretical Perspective on Delinquent Behavior

READING 30. The Effectiveness of Reintegrative Shaming and Restorative Justice Conferences: Focusing on Juvenile Offenders’ Perceptions in Australian Reintegrative Shaming Experiments

READING 31. Toward an Interactional Theory of Delinquency

Glossary
Index
About the Authors