Test Bank (Downloadable Product) for American Corrections Concepts and Controversies 2nd edition By Barry A. Krisberg, Susan Marchionna, Christopher J. Hartney, ISBN: 9781544324678, ISBN: 9781506362366, ISBN: 9781544332109, ISBN: 9781544332116

Downlaodable Instructor Test Bank for American Corrections Concepts and Controversies 2nd Edition Krisberg

Description

Test Bank for American Corrections Concepts and Controversies 2nd Edition Krisberg

Downlaodable Instructor Test Bank for American Corrections Concepts and Controversies 2nd edition By Barry A. Krisberg, Susan Marchionna, Christopher J. Hartney, ISBN: 9781544324678, ISBN: 9781506362366, ISBN: 9781544332109, ISBN: 9781544332116

Table Of Content

Preface
Acknowledgments
Part I: History and Sentencing
Chapter 1: The Corrections System

Learning Objectives

A Legacy of Crisis and Turmoil

Corrections as a System

Corrections and Society

A Critical View of the System

A Keen Eye Toward the Future

Summary

Discussion Questions

Key Terms

Notes

Digital Resources

Chapter 2: A Historical Perspective on Punishment and Social Structure

Learning Objectives

Discerning Historical Constructs

Penance and Fines

Social Change in the Later Middle Ages

The Discovery of Imprisonment

Galley Slavery, Transportation, and the Emergence of Imprisonment

The Industrial Revolution and Corrections

Zebulon Brockway and the Rise of the Adult Reformatory

Corrections and the Progressive Era (1880–1920)

After the Progressive Era (1920–1960)

The Era of Civil Rights and Community Corrections (1960–1970)

The Prisons Explode (1970–1980)

The Demise of Rehabilitation and the Get-Tough Era (1970–Present)

The Return of Enlightened Corrections Policy

Summary

Discussion Questions

Key Terms

Notes

Digital Resources

Chapter 3: The Purpose of Punishment and Sentencing Trends

Learning Objectives

How Sentencing Works

The Presentence Report

Sentencing Theories

Contemporary Movements in Sentencing Laws and Policies

Summary

Discussion Questions

Key Terms

Notes

Digital Resources

Part II: Correctional Practice
Chapter 4: Jails

Learning Objectives

The Functions of Jails

Who Is in Jail?

Facts About Jails

Jail Administration

Jail Procedures

In-Custody Programs

Alternatives to Incarceration

Summary

Discussion Questions

Key Terms

Notes

Digital Resources

Chapter 5: Probation and Alternatives to Incarceration

Learning Objectives

What Is Probation?

Who Is on Probation?

A Brief History of Probation

Two Key Perspectives on Probation

Probation Administration

The Role of Probation Officers

Sentencing and Investigation

Supervision

Violation, Revocation, and Termination

Does Probation Work? Probation Research

Alternatives to Incarceration

Evaluating Alternatives to Incarceration

Cost Savings

Summary

Discussion Questions

Key Terms

Notes

Digital Resources

Chapter 6: Prisons

Learning Objectives

The Means to an End

Design of Prisons

What the Numbers Say

Prison Costs

The Federal System

State Prisons

Military Prisons and the War on Terror

Security Levels

The Supermax

Programs and Services

The Prison Environment

Discipline

Summary

Discussion Questions

Key Terms

Notes

Digital Resources

Chapter 7: Coming Home: Reentry and Parole

Learning Objectives

Parole as a Form of Community Corrections

The Early History of Parole

Parole Basics

Parole Authorities

The Challenges of Reentry

Reentry Data

Perspectives on the Current Purpose and Practice of Parole

What Works in Parole

Evidence-Based Practice and Parole

Summary

Discussion Questions

Key Terms

Notes

Digital Resources

Chapter 8: Juvenile Corrections

Learning Objectives

A Brief History

The Past 30 Years: More Cycles of Scandal and Reform

The Structure of the Juvenile Justice System

Characteristics of Juveniles in Custody

Overrepresentation of Youth of Color

Young Women and Juvenile Corrections

Recidivism Rates and Juvenile Corrections

Juvenile Corrections Fads

Summary

Discussion Questions

Key Terms

Notes

Digital Resources

Chapter 9: The Corrections Workforce

Learning Objectives

Corrections Work

Service Providers and Treatment in Custody

Why Corrections Work?

Characteristics of the Corrections Workforce

Correctional Staffing

Education and Training

The Correctional Hierarchy

Sustaining a Workforce

Job Stress

Progressive Developments in Leadership

Summary

Discussion Questions

Key Terms

Notes

Digital Resources

Part III: Critical Issues and Policy Questions
Chapter 10: Holding Corrections Accountable

Learning Objectives

State Regulatory Bodies

Professional Standards

Litigating in the Courts to Stop Abusive Practices

Legislating Reforms

Summary

Discussion Questions

Key Terms

Notes

Digital Resources

Chapter 11: Corrections and the Color Line

Learning Objectives

Measuring the Extent of the Problem

Race and Ethnicity Behind the Walls

African American Disproportion in the Criminal Justice System

Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders and the Corrections System

Native Americans and the Corrections System

Latinos and the Corrections System

Immigration and Incarceration

Understanding the Causes of Racial Disparity in Corrections

Racial Profiling

Summary

Discussion Questions

Key Terms

Notes

Digital Resources

Chapter 12: Women in the Corrections System

Learning Objectives

The “Pink Syndrome”

The Rising Tide of Incarcerated Women—What the Numbers Say

Young Women and the System

Women’s Pathways Into Crime

A Complex Mix of Risk Factors

Coping With Incarceration

Programs and Services

Operational Issues in Custody

Conditions of Confinement

Research on Women and the Justice System

Moving Forward With Research on Women

Prospects for Gender-Responsive Programming

Summary

Discussion Questions

Key Terms

Notes

Digital Resources

Chapter 13: Challenging and Vulnerable Populations

Learning Objectives

Prisons and Jails as Community Health Providers

A Wide Range of Medical Problems

Health Care Services

Mental Illness in Prisons and Jails

The Increasing Elderly Prison Population

Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Questioning Inmates

Summary

Discussion Questions

Key Terms

Notes

Digital Resources

Chapter 14: Death Row and the Death Penalty

Learning Objectives

The Controversial Moral Imperative

The State of Capital Punishment

Characteristics of Death Row Inmates

Legal Challenges to the Death Penalty

Juveniles and the Death Penalty

The Death Sentence and Mental Competence

Innocence and Those Awaiting Executions

Costs of Capital Punishment

The Problem of Lethal Injection

Summary

Discussion Questions

Key Terms

Notes

Digital Resources

Part IV: The Effectiveness and Future of American Corrections
Chapter 15: The Privatization of Corrections

Learning Objectives

History and Functioning of Private Prisons

Major Private Prison Companies

How Private Prisons Function

Other Forms of Corrections Privatization

Private Prison Performance

Impact of Privatization on Local Economies

Privatization, Innovation, and Reform

The Profit Motive and Conflict of Interest

Contracting, Oversight, and Monitoring

Are Private Prisons Necessary?

Further Research

Summary

Discussion Questions

Key Terms

Notes

Digital Resources

Chapter 16: The Politics and Future of Mass Incarceration

Learning Objectives

Mass Incarceration and Electoral Politics

In Whose Interest?

An Opening to Change

What the Public Actually Thinks About Corrections Policy

Confronting the Politics of Mass Incarceration

Is Money the Currency of Reform?

Recruiting New Allies to Corrections Reform

Summary: The Way Forward

Discussion Questions

Key Terms

Notes

Digital Resources

Glossary
References
Index
About the Authors