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Test Bank (Downloadable Product) for Corrections From Research, to Policy, to Practice 2nd Edition By Mary K. Stohr, Anthony Walsh, ISBN: 9781544375502, ISBN: 9781544375496, ISBN: 9781071808627, ISBN: 9781071808580

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Downlaodable Instructor Test Bank for Corrections From Research, to Policy, to Practice 2nd Edition Stohr

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Test Bank for Corrections From Research, to Policy, to Practice 2nd Edition Stohr

Downlaodable Instructor Test Bank for Corrections From Research, to Policy, to Practice 2nd Edition By Mary K. Stohr, Anthony Walsh, ISBN: 9781544375502, ISBN: 9781544375496, ISBN: 9781071808627, ISBN: 9781071808580

Table Of Content

PART 1: Foundations of Corrections
Chapter 1: The Philosophical and Ideological Underpinnings of Corrections

What is Punishment?

Introduction: What is Corrections?

The Foundation of Correctional Punishment

The Function of Punishment

The Major Punishment Justification

The Due Process and Crime Control Models

Summary

Key Terms

Discussion Questions

Useful Internet Sites

Chapter 2: Early Corrections: From Ancient Times to Colonial Jails and Prisons

Narrative of Three Men Placed in the Missouri State Prison for Helping Slaves Escape via the Underground Railroad (1847), by George Thompson

Introduction: The Evolving Practice of Corrections

Themes: Truths That Underlie Correctional Practice

Early Punishments in Westernized Countries

Enlightenment – Paradigm Shift

Colonial Jails and Prisons

Summary

Key Terms

Discussion Questions

Useful Internet Sites

Chapter 3: Correctional History: Early Prisons to Corrections Today

Jim Crow Treatment in Prisons

Introduction: The Grand Reforms

Early Modern Prisons

Emerging Prison Models

Early Prisons and Jails Not Reformed

The Renewed Promise of Reform

American Corrections in the 20th and 21st Centuries

Themes That Prevail in Correctional History

Summary

Key Terms

Discussion Questions

Useful Internet Sites

Chapter 4: Ethics and Corrections

A novice Bows to Subculture Pressure, by Mary K. Stohr

Introduction: To Do the right Thing!

Ethical Foundation of Professional Practice

Why People Behave Unethically

How to Prevent Unethical Behavior and Promote Ethical Work Pratices

War on Drugs = Attack on Ethics?

Summary

Key Terms

Discussion Questions

Useful Internet Sites

PART 2: The Correctional System
Chapter 5: Sentencing: The Application of Punishment

Vindictive Verses Sensible Sentencing

What is Sentencing?

Types of Sentences

Plea Bargaining

Impact Statements at Sentencing

Structuring Judicial Sentencing Choices

Summary

Key Terms

Discussion Questions

Useful Internet Sites

Chapter 6: Jails and Detention Centers

A Mentally Ill Inmate in the Dona Ana County Jail, New Mexico

Introduction: The Community Institution

Jail Inmates and Their Processing

Trends in Jail Populations

Medical Problems

Suicides, Gangs, and Sexual Violence in Jails

Innovations in Jail

Summary

Key Terms

Discussion Questions

Useful Internet Sites

Chapter 7: Special Problem-Solving Courts in Corrections

Veteran Courts in Action

Introduction: What Are Problem-Solving Courts?

Drug Courts

Mental Health Courts

Veterans Courts

Domestic Violence Courts

Community Courts

Summary

Key Terms

Discussion Questions

Useful Internet Sites

Chapter 8: Community Corrections: Probation and Intermediary Sanctions

Betty’s Reproductive Rights Versus the Protection of Children and Society

The Origins of Probation

Probation Today

Why Do We Need Community Corrections?

The Probation Officer Role

Strategies to Reduce Recidivism

Intermediate Sanctions

Summary

Key Terms

Discussion Questions

Useful Internet Sites

Chapter 9: Prisons and the Correctional Client

Kitchen Supervisor Sexually Abuses Two Male Inmates

Introduction: The State of Prisons

Prison Organizations

Policy and Research: False Imprisonment as a Result of Wage Slavery

Attributes of the Prison That Shape the Experience

The Prison Subculture

Violence

Social Support

Special Populations

Summary

Key Terms

Discussion Questions

Useful Internet Sites

Chapter 10: Classification and Assessment of Offenders

The Challenges of Classification

What Is Classification and Assessment?

The History of Classification and Assessment

Classification Today

Assessment and Classification in Community Corrections

The CMC and Supervision Levels

Summary

Key Terms

Discussion Questions

Useful Internet Sites

Chapter 11: Correctional Programming and Treatment

Life’s Turning Points

The Rise and Fall (and Rise Again) of Rehabilitation

Evidence-Based Practices

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Substance Abuse Programming

Anger Management

Sex Offenders and Their Treatment

Mentally Ill Offenders

Summary

Key Terms

Discussion Questions

Useful Internet Sites

Chapter 12: Parole and Prisoner Reentry

The Perils of Parole

What Is Parole?

Parole Boards

What Goes In Must Come Out: Prisoner Reentry Into the Community

Determining Parole Success

Approaches to Parole

Concluding Remarks on Reentry and Recidivism

Summary

Key Terms

Discussion Questions

Useful Internet Sites

PART 3: Correctional Administration
Chapter 13: Correctional Organizations and Their Management

Responses to Realignment

Introduction

Organizational-Level Factors That Affect Correctional Operations

Management Theories

Elements of Effective Organizations

Organizational Culture

Summary

Key Terms

Discussion Questions

Useful Internet Sites

Chapter 14: The corrections Experience for Staff

John’s Tragic Story, by Mary K. Stohr

Introduction: What Is a Profession?

The State of the Work in Correctional Institutions and Programs

Why Require More Education and Training?

Individual-Level Factors That Affect the Correctional Workplace

Correctional Roles

The Subculture and Socialization

Staff Interactions With Inmates

Summary

Key Terms

Discussion Questions

Useful Internet Sites

PART 4: Correctional Clients
Chapter 15: Women and Corrections

Supervising Is Different for Women, by Mary K. Stohr

Introduction

History and Growth

Women and Girls in Corrections Today

Female Correctional Officers

Summary

Key Terms

Discussion Questions

Useful Internet Sites

Chapter 16: Minorities and Corrections

Undocumented Workers and Their Side of the Story

Introduction

Defining Race, Ethnicity, Disparity, and Discrimination

A Legacy of Racism

The Connection Between Class and Race/Ethnicity

Minorities: Policies and Practices That Have Resulted in Increased Incarceration

Minorities: Experiencing Incarceration

Summary

Key Terms

Discussion Questions

Useful Internet Sites

Chapter 17: Juveniles and Corrections

Too Young for Life

Introduction: Delinquency and Status Offending

The Extent of Delinquency

The Juvenile Brain and Juvenile Behavior

History and Philosophy of Juvenile Justice

Processing Juvenile Offenders

Juvenile Community Corrections

Summary

Key Terms

Discussion Questions

Useful Internet Sites

PART 5: Special Topics in Corrections
Chapter 18: Legal Issues in Corrections

Prison Without Law

Introduction

The Rule of Law

Constitutional Rights

The Civil Commitment of Sex Offenders

Curtailing Prisoner Petitions

Legal Issues in Probation and Parole

Summary

Key Terms

Discussion Questions

Useful Internet Sites

Chapter 19: The Death Penalty

A Very Unusual, Very Expensive Serial Killer

The Death Penalty and Public Opinion

Methods of Execution Used in the United States

Challenges to the Death Penalty

Racial Disparity in Death Sentences

Women and the Death Penalty

The Death Penalty and Mental Disability and Mental Illness

The Innocence Revolution

Summary

Key Terms

Discussion Questions

Useful Internet Sites

Chapter 20: Comparative Corrections: Punishment in Other Countries

The Debate Over Corporal Punishment

The Importance of Comparative Corrections

The United Kingdom and the Common-Law System

France and the Civil-Law System

China and the Socialist-Law System

Saudi Arabia and the Islamic-Law System

Summary

Key Terms

Discussion Questions

Useful Internet Sites

Chapter 21: Corrections in the 21st Century

Can We Cure Criminality?

Introduction: Learning From the Past So That We Have Hope for the Future

Punitive Policies Yield Overuse of Corrections

Decarceration

Professionalization and Innovation

Privatization

Concluding Thoughts

Summary

Key Terms

Discussion Questions

Useful Internet Sites