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Test Bank (Downloadable Product) for Corrections From Research, to Policy, to Practice By Mary K. Stohr, Anthony Walsh, ISBN: 9781483373379, ISBN: 9781506380520

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Downloadable Instructor Test Bank for Corrections From Research, to Policy, to Practice 1st Edition Stohr

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Test Bank for Corrections From Research, to Policy, to Practice 1st Edition Stohr

Downloadable Instructor Test Bank for Corrections From Research, to Policy, to Practice By Mary K. Stohr, Anthony Walsh, ISBN: 9781483373379, ISBN: 9781506380520

Table Of Content

Preface
Acknowledgments
PART I: FOUNDATIONS OF CORRECTIONS
Chapter 1: The Philosophical and Ideological Underpinnings of Corrections

Introduction: What Is Corrections?

The Foundation of Correctional Punishment

The Function of Punishment

The Major Punishment Justifications

The Due Process and Crime Control Models

• Summary

• Key Terms

• Discussion Questions

• Useful Internet Sites

Chapter 2: Early Corrections: From Ancient Times to Colonial Jails and Prisons

Introduction: The Evolving Practice of Corrections

Themes: Truths That Underlie Correctional Practice

Early Punishments in Westernized Countries

Enlightenment—Paradigm Shift

Colonial Jails and Prisons

• Summary

• Key Terms

• Discussion Questions

• Useful Internet Sites

Chapter 3: Correctional History: Early Prisons to Corrections Today

Introduction: The Grand Reforms

Early Modern Prisons

Emerging Prison Models

Early Prisons and Jails Not Reformed

The Renewed Promise of Reform

American Corrections in the 20th and 21st Centuries

Themes That Prevail in Correctional History

• Summary

• Key Terms

• Discussion Questions

• Useful Internet Sites

Chapter 4: Ethics and Corrections

Introduction: To Do the Right Thing!

Ethical Foundation for Professional Practice

Why People Behave Unethically

How to Prevent Unethical Behavior and Promote Ethical Work Practices

War on Drugs = Attack on Ethics?

• Summary

• Key Terms

• Discussion Questions

• Useful Internet Sites

PART II: THE CORRECTIONAL SYSTEM
Chapter 5: Sentencing: The Application of Punishment

What Is Sentencing?

Types of Sentences

Plea Bargaining

Impact Statements at Sentencing

Structuring Judicial Sentencing Choices

• Summary

• Key Terms

• Discussion Questions

• Useful Internet Sites

Chapter 6: Jails and Detention Centers

Introduction: The Community Institution

Jail Inmates and Their Processing

Trends in Jail Populations

Medical Problems

Suicides, Gangs, and Sexual Violence in Jails

Innovations in Jails

• Summary

• Key Terms

• Discussion Questions

• Useful Internet Sites

Chapter 7: Special Problem-Solving Courts in Corrections

Introduction: What Are Problem-Solving Courts?

Drug Courts

Mental Health Courts

Veterans Courts

Domestic Violence Courts

Community Courts

• Summary

• Key Terms

• Discussion Questions

• Useful Internet Sites

Chapter 8: Community Corrections: Probation and Intermediary Sanctions

The Origins of Probation

Probation Today

Why Do We Need Community Corrections?

The Probation Officer Role

Strategies to Reduce Recidivism

Intermediate Sanctions

• Summary

• Key Terms

• Discussion Questions

• Useful Internet Sites

Chapter 9: Prisons and the Correctional Client

Introduction: The State of Prisons

Prison Organizations

Attributes of the Prison That Shape the Experience

The Prison Subculture

Violence

Social Support

Special Populations

• Summary

• Key Terms

• Discussion Questions

• Useful Internet Sites

Chapter 10: Classification and Assessment of Offenders

What Is Classification and Assessment?

The History of Classification and Assessment

Classification Today

Assessment and Classification in Community Corrections

The CMC and Supervision Levels

• Summary

• Key Terms

• Discussion Questions

• Useful Internet Sites

Chapter 11: Correctional Programming and Treatment

The Rise and Fall (and Rise Again) of Rehabilitation

Evidence-Based Practices

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Substance Abuse Programming

Anger Management

Sex Offenders and Their Treatment

Mentally Ill Offenders

• Summary

• Key Terms

• Discussion Questions

• Useful Internet Sites

Chapter 12: Parole and Prisoner Reentry

What Is Parole?

Parole Boards

What Goes In Must Come Out: Prisoner Reentry Into the Community

Determining Parole Success

Approaches to Parole

Concluding Remarks on Reentry and Recidivism

• Summary

• Key Terms

• Discussion Questions

• Useful Internet Sites

PART III: CORRECTIONAL ADMINISTRATION
Chapter 13: Correctional Organizations and Their Management

Introduction

Organizational-Level Factors That Affect Correctional Operations

Management Theories

Elements of Effective Organizations

Organizational Culture

• Summary

• Key Terms

• Discussion Questions

• Useful Internet Sites

Chapter 14: The Corrections Experience for Staff

Introduction: What Is a Profession?

The State of the Work in Correctional Institutions and Programs

Why Require More Education and Training?

Individual-Level Factors That Affect the Correctional Workplace

Correctional Roles

The Subculture and Socialization

Staff Interactions With Inmates

• Summary

• Key Terms

• Discussion Questions

• Useful Internet Sites

PART IV: CORRECTIONAL CLIENTS
Chapter 15: Women and Corrections

Introduction

History and Growth

Women and Girls in Corrections Today

Female Correctional Officers

• Summary

• Key Terms

• Discussion Questions

• Useful Internet Sites

Chapter 16: Minorities and Corrections

Introduction

Defining Race, Ethnicity, Disparity, and Discrimination

A Legacy of Racism

The Connection Between Class and Race/Ethnicity

Minorities: Policies and Practices That Have Resulted in Increased Incarceration

Minorities: Experiencing Incarceration

• Summary

• Key Terms

• Discussion Questions

• Useful Internet Sites

Chapter 17: Juveniles and Corrections

Introduction: Delinquency and Status Offending

The Extent of Delinquency

The Juvenile Brain and Juvenile Behavior

History and Philosophy of Juvenile Justice

Processing Juvenile Offenders

Juvenile Community Corrections

• Summary

• Key Terms

• Discussion Questions

• Useful Internet Sites

Part V: Special Topics in Corrections
Chapter 18: Legal Issues in Corrections

Introduction

The Rule of Law

Constitutional Rights

The Civil Commitment of Sex Offenders

Curtailing Prisoner Petitions

Legal Issues in Probation and Parole

• Summary

• Key Terms

• Discussion Questions

• Useful Internet Sites

Chapter 19: The Death Penalty

The Death Penalty and Public Opinion

Methods of Execution Used in the United States

Challenges to the Death Penalty

Racial Disparity in Death Sentences

Women and the Death Penalty

The Death Penalty and Mental Disability and Mental Illness

The Innocence Revolution

• Summary

• Key Terms

• Discussion Questions

• Useful Internet Sites

Chapter 20: Comparative Corrections: Punishment in Other Countries

The Importance of Comparative Corrections

The United Kingdom and the Common-Law System

France and the Civil-Law System

China and the Socialist-Law System

Saudi Arabia and the Islamic-Law System

• Summary

• Key Terms

• Discussion Questions

• Useful Internet Sites

Chapter 21: Corrections in the 21st Century

Introduction: Learning From the Past So That We Have Hope for the Future

Punitive Policies Yield Overuse of Corrections

Decarceration

Professionalization and Innovation

Privatization

Concluding Thoughts

• Summary

• Key Terms

• Discussion Questions

• Useful Internet Sites

Chapter Pretest Answers
Glossary
References
Index
About the Authors