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Test Bank for Criminological Theory Context and Consequences 7th Edition Lilly

Downlaodable Instructor Test Bank for Criminological Theory Context and Consequences 7th Edition By J. Robert Lilly, Francis T. Cullen, Richard A. Ball, ISBN: 9781506387307, ISBN: 9781544353456, ISBN: 9781544359106

Table Of Content

Preface
Acknowledgments
CHAPTER 1. The Context and Consequences of Theory

Theory in Social Context

Theory and Policy: Ideas Have Consequences

Context, Theory, and Policy: Plan of the Book

Conclusion

Further Readings

CHAPTER 2. The Search for the “Criminal Man”

Spiritualism

The Classical School: Criminal as Calculator

The Positivist School: Criminal as Determined

The Consequence of Theory: Policy Implications

Conclusion

Further Readings

CHAPTER 3. Rejecting Individualism: The Chicago School

The Chicago School of Criminology: Theory in Context

Shaw and McKay’s Theory of Juvenile Delinquency

Sutherland’s Theory of Differential Association

The Chicago School’s Criminological Legacy

Control and Culture in the Community

Akers’s Social Learning Theory

The Consequences of Theory: Policy Implications

Conclusion

Further Readings

CHAPTER 4. Crime in American Society: Anomie and Strain Theories

Merton’s Strain Theory

Status Discontent and Delinquency

The Criminological Legacy of “Classic” Strain Theory

Agnew’s General Strain Theory

A Theory of African American Offending

Crime and the American Dream: Institutional-Anomie Theory

The Market Economy and Crime

The Future of Strain Theory

The Consequences of Theory: Policy Implications

Conclusion

Further Readings

CHAPTER 5. Society as Insulation: The Origins of Control Theory

Forerunners of Control Theory

Early Control Theories

Reckless’s Containment Theory

Sykes and Matza: Neutralization and Drift Theory

Control Theory in Context

Further Readings

CHAPTER 6. The Complexity of Control: Hirschi’s Two Theories and Beyond

Hirschi’s First Theory: Social Bonds and Delinquency

Hirschi’s Second Theory: Self-Control and Crime

The Complexity of Control

The Consequences of Theory: Policy Implications

Conclusion

Further Readings

CHAPTER 7. The Irony of State Intervention: Labeling Theory

The Social Construction of Crime

Labeling as Criminogenic: Creating Career Criminals

The Consequences of Theory: Policy Implications

Extending Labeling Theory

Conclusion

Further Readings

CHAPTER 8. Social Power and the Construction of Crime: Conflict Theory

Forerunners of Conflict Theory

Theory in Context: The Turmoil of the 1960s

Advancing Conflict Theory: Turk, Chambliss, and Quinney

Conflict Theory and the Causes of Crime

Consequences of Conflict Theory

Conclusion

Further Readings

CHAPTER 9. The Variety of Critical Theory

Looking Back at Early British and European Influences

Early Left Realism

The New Criminology Revisited: A Shift in Context

Left Realism Today

Changing Social Context: 2015–2018

Early Cultural Criminology

Cultural Criminology Today

Green/Cultural Criminology

Convict/Cultural Criminology

New Directions in Criminological Theory: Death and the Birth of New Ideas

European Criminology

Conclusion

Further Readings

CHAPTER 10. The Gendering of Criminology: Feminist Theory

Background

Prefeminist Pioneers and Themes

The Emergence of New Questions: Bringing Women In

The Second Wave: From Women’s Emancipation to Patriarchy

Varieties of Feminist Thought

The Intersection of Race, Class, and Gender

Masculinities and Crime

Gendering Criminology

Postmodernist Feminism and the Third Wave Revisited

Consequences of Feminist Theory: Policy Implications

Conclusion

Further Readings

CHAPTER 11. Crimes of the Powerful: Theories of White-Collar Crime

The Discovery of White-Collar Crime: Edwin H. Sutherland

Organizational Culture

Organizational Strain and Opportunity

Deciding to Offend

State-Corporate Crime

Consequences of White-Collar Crime Theory: Policy Implications

Conclusion

Further Readings

CHAPTER 12. Bringing Punishment Back In: Conservative Criminology

Context: The United States of the 1980s and Early 1990s

A New Context in Four Parts: 2008 to 2019

Other Recent Changes in Context

Varieties of Conservative Theory

Crime and Human Nature: Wilson and Herrnstein

Crime and The Bell Curve: Herrnstein and Murray

The Criminal Mind

Choosing to Be Criminal: Crime Pays

Crime and Moral Poverty

Broken Windows: The Tolerance of Public Disorganization

Consequences of Conservative Theory: Policy Implications

Conclusion

Further Readings

CHAPTER 13. Choosing Crime in Everyday Life: Routine Activity and Rational Choice Theories

Routine Activity Theory: Opportunities and Crime

Rational Choice Theory

Perceptual Deterrence Theory

Situational Action Theory

Conclusion

Further Readings

CHAPTER 14. The Search for the “Criminal Man” Revisited: Biosocial Theories

Evolutionary Psychology: Darwin Revisited

Social Concern Theory: Evolutionary Psychology Revisited

Neuroscience: Neurological and Biochemical Theories

Genetics

Conclusion

Further Readings

CHAPTER 15. New Directions in Biosocial Theory: Perspectives and Policies

Biosocial Risk and Protective Factors

Environmental Toxins

The Consequences of Theory: Policy Implications

Conclusion

Further Readings

CHAPTER 16. The Development of Criminals: Life-Course Theories

Integrated Theories of Crime

Life-Course Criminology: Continuity and Change

Criminology in Crisis: Gottfredson and Hirschi Revisited

Patterson’s Social-Interactional Developmental Model

Moffitt’s Life-Course-Persistent/Adolescence-Limited Theory

Sampson and Laub: Social Bond Theory Revisited

Rethinking Crime: Cognitive Theories of Desistance

The Consequences of Theory: Policy Implications

Conclusion

Further Readings

References
Author Index
Subject Index
About the Authors