## Description

**Test Bank for Essentials of Statistics for Criminology and Criminal Justice 1st Edition Paternoster**

**Downloadable Instructor Test Bank for Essentials of Statistics for Criminology and Criminal Justice By Raymond Paternoster, Ronet D. Bachman, ISBN: 9781506365473, ISBN: 9781506385051, ISBN: 9781544332734**

**Table Of Content**

Setting the Stage for Statistical Inquiry

The Role of Statistical Methods in Criminology and Criminal Justice

Populations and Samples

Descriptive and Inferential Statistics

Levels of Measurement

Ways of Presenting Variable

Units of Analysis

The Tabular and Graphical Display of Qualitative Data

The Tabular and Graphical Display of Quantitative Data

The Shape of a Distribution

Time Plots

Chapter 3. Measures of Central Tendency

The Mode

The Median

The Mean

Measuring Dispersion for Nominal- and Ordinal-Level Variables

Measuring Dispersion for Internal- and Ratio-Level Variables

The Standard Deviation and Variance

Computational Formulas for Variance and Standard Deviation

Probability. What Is It Good for? Absolutely Everything!

The Rules of Probability

Probability Distributions

Samples, Populations, Sampling Distributions, and the Central Limit Theorem

Making Inferences from Point Estimates: Confidence Intervals

Estimating a Population Mean From Large Samples

Estimating Confidence Intervals for a Mean From Small Samples

Estimating Confidence Intervals for Proportions and Percents With a Large Sample

Hypothesis Testing for Population Means Using A Large Sample: The Z Test

Directional and Non-directional Hypothesis Tests

Hypothesis Testing for Population Means Using Small Samples: The t Test

Hypothesis Testing for Population Proportions and Percents Using Large Samples

Contingency Tables and the Two Variable Chi-Square Test of Independence

The Chi-Square Test of Independence

A Simple-to-Use Computational Formula for the Chi-Square Test of Independence

Measures of Association: Determining the Strength of the Relationship Between Two Categorical Variables

Explaining the Difference Between Two Sample Means

Sampling Distribution of Mean Differences

Testing a Hypothesis About the Difference Between Two Means: Independent Samples

Matched-Groups or Dependent-Samples t Test

Hypothesis Tests for the Difference Between Two Proportions: Large Samples

The Logic of Analysis of Variance

Types of Variance: Total, Between-Groups, and Within-Group

Conducting a Hypothesis Test With ANOVA

After the F Test: Testing the Difference Between Pairs of Means

A Measure of Association Test With ANOVA

A Second ANOVA Example: Caseload Size and Success on Probation

Graphing the Bivariate Distribution Between Two Quantitative Variables: Scatterplots

The Pearson Correlation Coefficient

A More Precise Way to Interpret a Correlation: The Coefficient of Determination

The Least-Squares Regression Line and the Slope Coefficient

Comparison of b and r

Testing for the Significance of b and r

What Do We Mean by Controlling for Other Important Variables?

The Multiple Regression Equation

Comparing the Strength of a Relationship Using Beta Weights

Partial Correlation Coefficients

Hypothesis Testing in Multiple Regression

Another Example: Prison Density, Mean Age, and Rate of Inmate Violence