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Test Bank (Downloadable Product) for Fundamentals of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice 5th Edition By Ronet D. Bachman, Russell K. Schutt, ISBN: 9781544374055, ISBN: 9781071810774

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Downlaodable Instructor Test Bank for Fundamentals of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice 5th Edition Bachman

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Test Bank for Fundamentals of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice 5th Edition Bachman

Downlaodable Instructor Test Bank for Fundamentals of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice 5th Edition By Ronet D. Bachman, Russell K. Schutt, ISBN: 9781544374055, ISBN: 9781071810774

Table Of Content

1. Science, Society, and Research Related to Criminal Justice and Criminology

What Do We Have in Mind?

Reasoning About the Social World

Case Study: Why Do Kids Kill?

How the Scientific Approach Is Different

Alternative Research Orientations

Research in the News: Keeping Count of School Shootings

Quantitative and Qualitative Methods

Highlighting a Few Specific Types of Research Methods

Strengths and Limitations of Social Research

Careers and Research

A Comment on Research in a Diverse Society

Conclusion

Key Terms

Highlights

Exercises

2. The Process and Problems of Research Related to Crime and Criminology

What Do We Have in Mind?

Identifying Criminological Research Questions

The Role of Theory

Social Research Strategies

Case Study: A History of Investigating the Effects of Arrest for Intimate Partner Violence and the Research Circle

Research in the News: Number of Reported Rapes Climb in New York City

Careers and Research

Conclusion

Key Terms

Highlights

Exercises

3. Ethical Guidelines for Research

What Do We Have in Mind?

Historical Background

Ethical Principles

More on the Institutional Review Board (IRB)

Research Involving Special Populations: Children and Prisoners

Research in the News: Some Social Scientists Are Tired of Asking for Permission

Careers and Research

Conclusion

Key Terms

Highlights

Exercises

4. Conceptualization and Measurement

What Do We Have in Mind?

Concepts

From Concepts to Variables: Measurement Operations

How Will We Know When We’ve Found It?

How Much Information Do We Really Have?

Research in the News: Are Teenagers Replacing Drugs with Smartphones?

Did We Measure What We Wanted to Measure?

Careers and Research

A Comment on Measurement in a Diverse Society

Conclusion

Key Terms

Highlights

Exercises

5. Sampling

What Do We Have in Mind?

Sample Planning

Sampling Methods

Research in the News: What are the Best Practices for Sampling Vulnerable Populations?

Units of Analysis and Errors in Causal Reasoning

Careers and Research

Conclusion

Key Terms

Highlights

Exercises

6. Causation and Experimentation

What Do We Mean by Causation?

Causal Explanations

Criteria for Nomothetic Causal Explanations

Case Study: Media Violence and Violent Behavior

Why Experiment?

What If a True Experiment Isn’t Possible?

What Are the Threats to Internal Validity and Generalizability in Experiments?

The Element of Time in Research

Research in the News: Do Video Games Lead to Mass Shootings?

Causality in Nonexperimental Designs

How Do Experimenters Protect Their Subjects?

Careers and Research

Conclusion

Key Terms

Highlights

Exercises

7. Survey Research

Survey Research in Action: Measuring Victimization

What Is a Survey?

Questionnaire Development and Assessment

Writing Survey Questions: More Difficult Than You Think!

Organization Matters

Research in the News: United Nations Report Highlights Violence Against Women in Families

Survey Designs

Ethical Issues in Survey Research

Careers and Research

Conclusion

Key Terms

Highlights

Exercises

8. Qualitative Methods and Data Analysis

What Do We Mean by Qualitative Methods?

Fundamentals of Qualitative Methods

Case Study: Life in a Gang

Participant Observation

Systematic Observation

Intensive Interviewing

Focus Groups

Analyzing Qualitative Data

Techniques of Qualitative Data Analysis

Alternatives in Qualitative Data Analysis

Computer-Assisted Qualitative Data Analysis

Research in the News: Reporters Engage in Observation in Honduran Gang Territory Who Owns the Qualitative Data?

Careers and Research

Conclusion

Key Terms

Highlights

Exercises

9. Analyzing Content and Police Data: Social Network Analysis, Crime Mapping, Big Data, and Content Analysis

What Do We Have in Mind?

Analyzing Secondary Data

Social Network Analysis

Crime Mapping

Big Data

Research in the News: Predictive Policing in Los Angeles, CA

Methodological Issues When Using Secondary Data

Ethical Issues When Analyzing Available Data and Content

Conclusion

Key Terms

Highlights

Exercises

10. Evaluation and Policy Analysis

What Do We Have In Mind?

A Brief History of Evaluation Research

Evaluation Basics

Questions for Evaluation Research

Design Decisions

Evaluation in Action

Strengths of Randomized Experimental Designs in Impact Evaluations

Research in the News: Is Many U.S. Jails Fail to Stop Inmate Suicides When Experiments Are Not Feasible

Qualitative and Quantitative Methods

Ethics in Evaluation

Careers and Research

Conclusion

Key Terms

Highlights

Exercises

11. Mixing and Comparing Methods

What We Have in Mind

What Are Mixed Methods?

Strengths and Limitations of Mixed Methods

Research in the News: Lacking Data on Gun Violence

Comparing Results Across Studies

Ethics and Mixed Methods

Careers and Research

Conclusion

Key Terms

Highlights

Exercises

12. Reporting Research Results

What Do We Have In Mind?

Research Report Goals

Types of Research Reports

Curbing the Frustrations of Writing

Displaying Data

Some Final Thoughts on Reporting Quantitative and Qualitative Research

Research in the News: Criminalizing Fraud Related to the OxyContin Crisis

Communicating With the Public

Plagiarism

Careers and Research

Conclusion

Key Terms

Highlights

Exercises