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Test Bank (Downloadable Product) for Introduction to Criminal Justice Practice and Process 3rd Edition By Kenneth J. Peak, Tamara D. Madensen, ISBN: 9781506391830, ISBN: 9781506391847, ISBN: 9781544337623, ISBN: 9781544321813

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Downloadable Instructor Test Bank for Introduction to Criminal Justice Practice and Process 3rd Edition Peak

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Test Bank for Introduction to Criminal Justice Practice and Process 3rd Edition Peak

Downloadable Instructor Test Bank for Introduction to Criminal Justice Practice and Process 3rd Edition By Kenneth J. Peak, Tamara D. Madensen, ISBN: 9781506391830, ISBN: 9781506391847, ISBN: 9781544337623, ISBN: 9781544321813

Table Of Content

Preface
Acknowledgments
About the Authors
Part I. Criminal Justice as a System: The Basics
1. FUNDAMENTALS OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE: ESSENTIAL THEMES AND PRACTICES

Introduction

Foundations of Criminal Justice: Legal and Historical Bases

Crime Control and Due Process: Do Ends Justify Means?

Discretion: Making and Applying the Law

The Criminal Justice Process: An Overview of Flow and Functions

The Wedding Cake Model of Criminal Justice

Ethics Throughout the Criminal Justice System

IN A NUTSHELL

KEY TERMS & CONCEPTS

REVIEW QUESTIONS

LEARN BY DOING

2. FOUNDATIONS OF LAW AND CRIME: NATURE, ELEMENTS, AND DEFENSES

Introduction

Common Law and Its Progeny

Modern-Day Sources and Hierarchy of Law

Criminal and Civil Law

Substantive and Procedural Law

Essential Elements: Mens Rea and Actus Reus

Felonies and Misdemeanors

Offense Definitions and Categories

Defenses

IN A NUTSHELL

KEY TERMS & CONCEPTS

REVIEW QUESTIONS

LEARN BY DOING

3. THEORIES OF CRIME AND MEASURING VICTIMIZATION

Introduction

Classical and Positivist Theories

Biological, Trait, and Developmental Theories

Social Structure Theories

Social Process Theories

Social Conflict Theories

Feminist Theories

Environmental Criminology Theories

In Their Own Words: Offenders Speak

Measuring Crime and Victimization

IN A NUTSHELL

KEY TERMS & CONCEPTS

REVIEW QUESTIONS

LEARN BY DOING

4. ETHICAL ESSENTIALS: “DOING RIGHT WHEN NO ONE IS WATCHING”

Introduction

Good Examples of Bad Examples

Philosophical Foundations

Ethics in Policing

Ethics in the Courts

Ethical Conduct of Federal Employees

Ethics in Corrections

The Ethical Decision-Making Process

Ethics Tests for the Criminal Justice Student

IN A NUTSHELL

KEY TERMS & CONCEPTS

REVIEW QUESTIONS

LEARN BY DOING

Part II. The Police
5. POLICE ORGANIZATION: STRUCTURE AND FUNCTIONS

Introduction

English and Colonial Roots: An Overview

Policing Comes to the United States

Federal Law Enforcement

State Agencies

Local Agencies: Municipal Police Departments and Sheriff’s Offices

Interested in a Career? Some General Considerations

On Guard: The Private Police

IN A NUTSHELL

KEY TERMS & CONCEPTS

REVIEW QUESTIONS

LEARN BY DOING

6. POLICE AT WORK: PATROLLING AND INVESTIGATING

Introduction

From Citizen to Patrol Officer

Having the “Right Stuff”: A Working Personality

Defining the Role

Stressors in Police Work

Police Discretion

Community Policing and Problem Solving

The Work of Forensics and Detectives

IN A NUTSHELL

KEY TERMS & CONCEPTS

REVIEW QUESTIONS

LEARN BY DOING

7. POLICING METHODS AND CHALLENGES: ISSUES OF FORCE, LIABILITY, AND TECHNOLOGIES

Introduction

Use of Force: A Sacred Trust

When Failing the Public Trust: Civil Liability

Selected Technologies: Uses and Concerns

IN A NUTSHELL

KEY TERMS & CONCEPTS

REVIEW QUESTIONS

LEARN BY DOING

8. EXPOUNDING THE CONSTITUTION: LAWS OF ARREST, SEARCH, AND SEIZURE

Introduction

The Fourth Amendment

The Fifth Amendment

The Sixth Amendment

IN A NUTSHELL

KEY TERMS & CONCEPTS

REVIEW QUESTIONS

LEARN BY DOING

Part III. The Courts
9. COURT ORGANIZATION: STRUCTURE, FUNCTIONS, AND THE TRIAL PROCESS

Introduction

American Courts: A Dual Court System

State Courts

Federal Courts

Making Preparations: Pretrial Processes

The Trial Process

Technologies in the Court

IN A NUTSHELL

KEY TERMS & CONCEPTS

REVIEW QUESTIONS

LEARN BY DOING

10. THE BENCH AND THE BAR: THOSE WHO JUDGE, PROSECUTE, AND DEFEND

Introduction

Those Who Would Be Judges: Selection Methods and Issues

Judges’ Benefits, Training, and Challenges

The Art of Judging, Courtroom Civility, and Judicial Misconduct

The Attorneys

Courtroom Work Group

IN A NUTSHELL

KEY TERMS & CONCEPTS

REVIEW QUESTIONS

LEARN BY DOING

11. COURT METHODS AND CHALLENGES: SENTENCING AND PUNISHMENT

Introduction

Purposes of Punishment

Types of Sentences to Be Served

Sentencing Guidelines

Victim Impact Statements

Capital Punishment

Aggravating and Mitigating Circumstances

Criminal Appeals

IN A NUTSHELL

KEY TERMS & CONCEPTS

REVIEW QUESTIONS

LEARN BY DOING

Part IV. Corrections
12. PRISONS AND JAILS: STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION

Introduction

Correctional Facilities as Organizations

State Prisons as Organizations

Federal Prisons

Supermax Prisons

Private Prisons

Jails as Organizations

Technologies in Correctional Facilities: The Good and the Bad

IN A NUTSHELL

KEY TERMS & CONCEPTS

REVIEW QUESTIONS

LEARN BY DOING

13. THE INMATES’ WORLD: THE “KEEPERS” AND THE “KEPT”

Introduction

The Nature of Incarceration

Prison as Work

Jail Personnel

Issues of Prison Governance

Preparation for Reentry and Aftercare

Prisoners’ Constitutional Rights

IN A NUTSHELL

KEY TERMS & CONCEPTS

REVIEW QUESTIONS

LEARN BY DOING

14. CORRECTIONS IN THE COMMUNITY: PROBATION, PAROLE, AND OTHER ALTERNATIVES TO INCARCERATION

Introduction

Why Alternatives to Incarceration?

Origins of Probation and Parole

Probation and Parole Today

Do Probation and Parole Work?

Functions of Probation and Parole Officers

Other Alternatives: Intermediate Sanctions

Confronting Recidivists: The Risk-Needs- Responsivity (RNR) Model

Restorative Justice

IN A NUTSHELL

KEY TERMS & CONCEPTS

REVIEW QUESTIONS

LEARN BY DOING

Part V. Spanning the System: Methods and Issues
15. JUVENILE JUSTICE: PHILOSOPHY, LAW, AND PRACTICES

Introduction

History of Juvenile Justice

Unique Philosophy, Principles, and Goals

Juvenile Offending Today

Youth Gangs: An Overview

Significant Court Decisions

IN A NUTSHELL

KEY TERMS & CONCEPTS

REVIEW QUESTIONS

LEARN BY DOING

16. ON THE CRIME POLICY AND PREVENTION AGENDA: TERRORISM, THE MENTALLY ILL IN THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM, AND THE THREAT OF ILLEGAL IMMIGRATION

Introduction

Terrorism

The “New Asylums”: The Mentally Ill in the Criminal Justice System

Immigration and Crime

Immigration and the Role of Law Enforcement Agencies

IN A NUTSHELL

KEY TERMS & CONCEPTS

REVIEW QUESTIONS

LEARN BY DOING

Appendix: Constitution of the United States
Answers
Glossary
Notes
Index