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Test Bank (Downloadable Product) for Juvenile Justice A Guide to Theory, Policy, and Practice 9th Edition By Steven M. Cox, Jennifer M. Allen, Robert D. Hanser, ISBN: 9781506349008, ISBN: 9781506399720

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Downloadable Instructor Test Bank for Juvenile Justice A Guide to Theory Policy and Practice 9th Edition Cox

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Test Bank for Juvenile Justice A Guide to Theory Policy and Practice 9th Edition Cox

Downloadable Instructor Test Bank for Juvenile Justice A Guide to Theory, Policy, and Practice 9th Edition By Steven M. Cox, Jennifer M. Allen, Robert D. Hanser, ISBN: 9781506349008, ISBN: 9781506399720

Table Of Content

Preface
Chapter 1. Juvenile Justice in Historical Perspective

What Would You Do?

Juvenile Justice Historically

Continuing Dilemmas in Juvenile Justice

Rethinking Juvenile Justice

Summary

Key Terms

Critical Thinking Questions

Suggested Readings

Chapter 2. Defining and Measuring Offenses by and Against Juveniles

What Would You Do?

Legal Definitions

Changing Definitions

Age Ambiguity

Inaccurate Images of Offenders and Victims

Behavioral Definitions

Official Statistics: Sources and Problems

Official Delinquency Statistics

Official Statistics on Abuse and Neglect

National Crime Victimization Survey

Sources of Error in Official Statistics

Unofficial Sources of Data

Self-Report Studies

Police Observational Studies

Summary

Key Terms

Critical Thinking Questions

Suggested Readings

Chapter 3. Characteristics of Juvenile Offenders

What Would You Do?

Social Factors

Family

Education

Social Class

Gangs

Drugs

Physical Factors

Age

Gender

Race

Summary

Key Terms

Critical Thinking Questions

Suggested Readings

Chapter 4. Theories of Causation

What Would You Do?

Scientific Theory

Some Early Theories

Demonology

Classical Theory

Rational Choice Theory

Deterrence Theory

Routine Activities Theory

The Positivist School

Biological Theories

Cesare Lombroso’s “Born Criminal” Theory

Other Biological Theories

Biosocial/Neurological Theory

Psychological Theories

Sigmund Freud’s Psychoanalytic Approach

Psychopathology

Behaviorism and Learning Theory

Sociological Theories

Anomie and Strain Theory

Ecological/Social Disorganization Approach

Edwin Sutherland’s Differential Association Theory

Labeling Theory

Conflict, Radical, Critical, and Marxist Theories

Feminism

Control Theories

Integrated Theories

Summary

Key Terms

Critical Thinking Questions

Suggested Readings

Chapter 5. Child Abuse and Neglect

What Would You Do?

Child Maltreatment

Physical Abuse

Child Neglect

Emotional Abuse of Children

Sexual Abuse of Children

Internet Exploitation

Intervention

Summary

Key Terms

Critical Thinking Questions

Suggested Readings

Chapter 6. Purpose and Scope of Juvenile Court Acts

What Would You Do?

Purpose

Comparison of Adult Criminal Justice and Juvenile Justice Systems

Protecting the Juvenile From Stigmatization

Maintaining the Family Unit

Preserving Constitutional Rights in Juvenile Court Proceedings

Scope

Age

Delinquent Acts

Unruly Children

Deprived, Neglected, or Dependent Children

Jurisdiction

Concurrent, Exclusive, and Blended Jurisdiction

Waiver

Double Jeopardy

Summary

Key Terms

Critical Thinking Questions

Suggested Readings

Chapter 7. Juvenile Justice Procedures

What Would You Do?

Rights of Juveniles

Bail

Taking Into Custody

Interrogation

Detention Hearing

Detention or Shelter Care

Preliminary Conference

Petition

Notification

Adjudicatory Hearing

Social Background Investigation, Social Summary Report, Presentence Investigation, or Predisposition Investigation

Dispositional Hearing

Summary

Key Terms

Critical Thinking Questions

Suggested Readings

Chapter 8. Juveniles and the Police

What Would You Do?

Police Discretion in Encounters With Juveniles

Unofficial Procedures

Official Procedures

Training and Competence of Juvenile Officers

Police–School Resource Officer and Liaison Programs

Community-Oriented Policing and Juveniles

Police and Juvenile Court

Summary

Key Terms

Critical Thinking Questions

Suggested Readings

Chapter 9. Key Figures in Juvenile Court Proceedings

What Would You Do?

Prosecutor

Defense Counsel

Relationship Between the Prosecutor and Defense Counsel: Adversarial or Cooperative?

Juvenile Court Judge

Juvenile Probation Officer

Children and Family Services Personnel

Court-Appointed Special Advocates

Training and Competence of Juvenile Court Personnel

Summary

Key Terms

Critical Thinking Questions

Suggested Readings

Chapter 10. Prevention and Diversion Programs

What Would You Do?

Prevention

Diversion Programs

Examples of Prevention and Diversion Programs

School Programs

Wilderness Programs

Restorative Justice Programs

Children and Family Services

Federal Programs

Other Diversion and Prevention Programs/Therapeutic Courts

Some Criticisms

Child Abuse and Neglect Prevention Programs

Summary

Key Terms

Critical Thinking Questions

Suggested Readings

Chapter 11. Dispositional Alternatives

What Would You Do?

Probation

Foster Homes

Treatment Centers

Juvenile Corrections

Capital Punishment and Youthful Offenders

Possible Solutions

Summary

Key Terms

Critical Thinking Questions

Suggested Readings

Chapter 12. Violent Juveniles and Gangs

What Would You Do?

Violent Juveniles

Juvenile Homicide and Juvenile Violence

Gangs

Brief History of Gangs

Defining and Identifying Street Gangs

Roles and Activities of Juvenile Versus Adult Gang Members

Gang Affiliation and Identification Along Racial Lines

Delinquent and Criminal Gang Activities

Gang Membership

Characteristics

Age

Gender

Monikers

Graffiti

Jargon

Recruitment

Juvenile Girls and Gang Membership

Response of Justice Network to Gangs

Public, Legislative, and Judicial Reaction

Alternatives to Incarceration for Violent Juveniles

Establishing a Juvenile Gang Exit Program

Summary

Key Terms

Critical Thinking Questions

Suggested Readings

Chapter 13. Global Issues in Juvenile Justice

What Would You Do?

Problems With Delinquency in the Global Community

Characteristics of Juvenile Delinquents Around the World

Juveniles as Victims of Crime

Juvenile Exploitation and Delinquency

Juvenile Exploitation in Underdeveloped and War-Torn Areas

Urbanization and Delinquency in Developed Countries

Age of Responsibility

Delinquency in Various World Regions

Africa

Asia

Latin America

Middle East

Eastern Europe

Juvenile Gangs Around the World

Mexico and Central America

Africa

Asia

Europe

Australia

International Approaches to Preventing Juvenile Gangs

Human Trafficking and Youth Exploitation

International Administration of Juvenile Justice

International Standards and Documents

Use of Restorative Justice With Young Offenders Around the World

Summary

Key Terms

Critical Thinking Questions

Suggested Readings

Chapter 14. The Future of Juvenile Justice

What Would You Do?

Possibilities for the Future of Juvenile Justice

Barriers to Change in Juvenile Justice

Possible Improvements to the Juvenile Justice System

Key Terms

Critical Thinking Questions

Suggested Readings
Appendix
Glossary
References
Index
About the Authors