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Downlaodable Instructor Test Bank for Research Methods in Criminal Justice and Criminology 1st Edition Rennison

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Test Bank for Research Methods in Criminal Justice and Criminology 1st Edition Rennison

Downlaodable Instructor Test Bank for Research Methods in Criminal Justice and Criminology By Callie Marie Rennison, Timothy C. Hart, ISBN: 9781506347813, ISBN: 9781544329246, ISBN: 9781544329253

Table Of Content

Preface
Acknowledgments
About the Authors
PART 1 GETTING STARTED
Chapter 1 Why Study Research Methods?

Introduction

Why Are Research Methods Important?

Typical Stages of Research

Essential Role of Ethics in Research

Researcher Case Studies and a Road Map

Chapter Wrap-Up

PART 2 SETTING THE STAGE FOR YOUR RESEARCH
Chapter 2 Identifying a Topic, a Purpose, and a Research Question

Introduction

Why Identify a Topic, a Purpose, and a Research Question?

How to Identify a Research Topic

How to Identify the Purpose/ Goal of Research

Gathering More Information and Refining the Topic

How to Construct the Research Question

Common Pitfalls When Developing Topics, Purposes, and Research Questions

Ethical Considerations When Developing Your Topic, Purpose, and Research Question

IRB Expert—Sharon Devine, JD, PhD

Chapter Wrap-Up

Chapter 3 Conducting a Literature Review

Introduction

Why Conduct a Literature Review?

A Road Map: How to Conduct a Literature Review

About Sources

Finding Primary or Original Sources

Writing the Literature Review

Common Pitfalls of Literature Reviews

Ethics and the Literature Review

Literature Review Expert—Sean McCandless, PhD

Chapter Wrap-Up

PART 3 DESIGNING YOUR RESEARCH
Chapter 4 Concepts, Conceptualizations, Operationalizations, Measurements, Variables, and Data

Introduction

Why Focus on Concepts, Conceptualizations, Operationalizations, Measurements, Variables, and Data?

What Are Concepts?

What Is Conceptualization?

What Is Operationalization?

What Are Variables?

What Are Measures?

What Are Data?

Overview of the Road From Concepts to Variables

Common Pitfalls in Concepts, Conceptualizations, Operationalizations, Measurements, Variables, and Data in Research Design

Ethics Associated With Concepts, Conceptualizations, Operationalizations, Measurements, Variables, and Data

Concepts, Conceptualizations, Operationalizations, Measurements, Variables, and Data Expert— Brenidy Rice

Chapter Wrap-Up

Chapter 5 Sampling

Introduction

Why Is Sampling Important?

What Is Sampling?

Populations and Samples

Census or a Sample?

Unit of Analysis

Ecological Fallacy

Individualist Fallacy

Choosing a Sampling Approach

How Large Should My Sample Be?

Common Pitfalls Related to Sampling

Ethics Associated With Sampling

Sampling Expert—Sam Gallaher, PhD

Chapter Wrap-Up

PART 4 COLLECTING YOUR DATA
Chapter 6 Research Using Qualitative Data

Introduction

Why Conduct Research Using Qualitative Data?

What Is Research Using Qualitative Data?

Considerations: Research Using Qualitative Data

Approaches Used to Gather Qualitative Data

Recording Qualitative Data

Organizing and Analyzing Qualitative Data

Common Pitfalls in Research Using Qualitative Data

Ethics Associated With Research Using Qualitative Data

Qualitative Data Research Expert—Carol Peeples

Chapter Wrap-Up

Chapter 7 Survey Research

Introduction

Why Conduct Survey Research?

What Are Surveys?

General Steps in Survey Research

Surveys Across Research Purposes

How Are Surveys Distributed?

Designing Your Own Survey

Survey Administration

Easy-to-Use Survey Software

Common Pitfalls in Survey Research

Ethical Considerations in Survey Research

Surveying Expert—Bridget Kelly, MA

Chapter Wrap-Up

Chapter 8 Experimental Research

Introduction

Why Conduct Experimental Research?

What Is Experimental Research?

True Experiments

Validity

Reliability

Beyond True Experiments

Pre-Experimental Research

Quasi-Experimental Research

Natural Experiments

Common Pitfalls in Experimental Research

Ethics and Experimental Research

Experimental Research Expert—Chris Keating, PhD

Chapter Wrap-Up

Chapter 9 Research Using Secondary Data

Introduction

Why Conduct Research Using Secondary Data?

What Are Secondary Data?

Frequently Used Secondary Data

Disadvantages of Using Secondary Data

Reporting Findings From Secondary Data Analysis

Common Pitfalls in Secondary Data Analysis

Ethics Associated With Secondary Data Analysis

Secondary Data Expert— Jenna Truman, PhD

Chapter Wrap-Up

Chapter 10 GIS and Crime Mapping

Introduction

Why Conduct Research Using GIS and Crime Mapping Techniques?

What Is GIS?

What Is Crime Mapping and Analysis?

Crime Analysis in Academic Research

Reporting Findings From GIS and Crime Mapping Studies

Common Pitfalls in GIS and Crime Mapping Analysis

Ethical Considerations in GIS and Crime Mapping Research

GIS and Crime Mapping Expert— Henri Buccine-Schraeder, MA

Chapter Wrap-Up

Chapter 11 Evaluation Research

Introduction

Why Use Evaluation Research?

What Is Evaluation Research?

Types of Evaluation Research

Distinctive Purposes of Evaluation and Basic Research

Characteristics of Effective Evaluations

Common Pitfalls in Evaluation Research

Ethics Associated With Evaluation Research

Evaluation Research Expert— Michael Shively, PhD

Chapter Wrap-Up

PART 5 ANALYSIS, FINDINGS, AND WHERE TO GO FROM THERE
Chapter 12 Analysis and Findings

Introduction

Why Analysis?

How Should Data Be Analyzed?

Analysis of Quantitative Data

Qualitative Data Analysis

Data Analysis Software

Alternative Analytic Approaches

Reporting Findings From Your Research

Common Pitfalls in Data Analysis and Developing Findings

Ethics Associated With Analyzing Your Data and Developing Your Findings

Analysis and Findings Expert— Sue Burton

Chapter Wrap-Up

Chapter 13 Making Your Research Relevant

Introduction

Why Conduct Policy-Relevant Research?

What Is Policy-Relevant Research?

What Is Policy?

Who Are Policy Makers?

The Policy Process

Challenges of Getting Research to Policy Makers

Maximizing Chances of Producing Policy-Relevant Research

Common Pitfalls in Producing Policy-Relevant Research

Ethics and Conducting Policy Relevant Research

Policy Expert—Katie TePas

Chapter Wrap-Up

Chapter 14 Research Methods as a Career

Introduction

Why Research Methods as a Career?

Where Do I Get Started?

Career Search Documents

Public- Versus Private-Sector Jobs

Where to Look for a Career

Interviewing Well

Pitfalls and Career Searches

Ethics and Career Searches

Research Methods as a Career Expert—Nora Scanlon, MA

Chapter Wrap-Up

Appendix
Glossary
References
Index