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Test Bank (Downloadable Product) for The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice 7th Edition By Ronet D. Bachman, Russell K. Schutt, ISBN: 9781544339122, ISBN: 9781544366906, ISBN: 9781544366913

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Downloadable Instructor Test Bank for The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice 7th Edition Bachman

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Test Bank for The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice 7th Edition Bachman

Downloadable Instructor Test Bank for The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice 7th Edition By Ronet D. Bachman, Russell K. Schutt, ISBN: 9781544339122, ISBN: 9781544366906, ISBN: 9781544366913

Table of Content

Preface
Acknowledgments
About the Authors
SECTION I: FOUNDATIONS FOR SOCIAL RESEARCH
Chapter 1: Science, Society, and Research Related to Crime, Criminology, and Social Control

Reasoning About the Social World

The Social Science Approach

Alternative Research Orientations

More on the Role of Values in Research

Quantitative and Qualitative Methods

Highlighting a Few Specific Types of Research Methods

Strengths and Limitations of Social Research

A Comment on Research in a Diverse Society

Conclusion

Chapter 2: The Process and Problems of Research Related to Crime and Criminology

Identifying a Research Question

Social Research Foundations

The Role of Theory

Social Research Strategies

Social Research Standards

Conclusion

Chapter 3: Ethical Guidelines for Research

Historical Background

Ethical Principles

The Institutional Review Board

Research Involving Special Populations: Prisoners and Children

Conclusion

SECTION II: FUNDAMENTALS OF RESEARCH
Chapter 4: Conceptualization and Measurement

Concepts

Variables and Levels of Measurement

Did We Measure What We Wanted to Measure?

A Comment on Measurement in a Diverse Society

Conclusion

Chapter 5: Sampling

Sample Planning

Sampling Methods

Sampling Distributions

Conclusion

Chapter 6: Causation and Research Design

Causal Explanations

Criteria and Cautions for Nomothetic Causal Explanations

Research Designs and Causality

Units of Analysis and Errors in Causal Reasoning

Conclusion

SECTION III: RESEARCH DESIGNS
Chapter 7: Experimental Designs

History of Experiments

True Experiments

Quasi-Experiments

Validity in Experiments

External Events

Contamination

Treatment Misidentification

Factorial Survey Design

Ethical Issues in Experimental Research

Conclusion

Chapter 8: Survey Research

Survey Research in the Social Sciences

Designing Questionnaires

Writing Survey Questions

Organization of the Questionnaire

The Cover Letter

Survey Designs

Errors in Survey Research

Ethical Issues in Survey Research

Conclusion

Chapter 9: Qualitative Methods: Observing, Participating, and Listening

Fundamentals of Qualitative Methods

Participant Observation

Systematic Observation

Intensive Interviewing

Focus Groups

Ethical Issues in Qualitative Research

Conclusion

Section IV: Topical Research Designs
Chapter 10: Analyzing Content: Research Using Secondary, Historical, and Comparative Data and Content Analysis

Analyzing Secondary Data

Historical and Comparative Methods

Oral History

Historical Process Research

Content Analysis

Methodological Issues When Using Secondary Data

Ethical Issues When Analyzing Available Data and Content

Conclusion

Chapter 11: Social Network Analysis, Crime Mapping, and Big Data

Social Network Analysis

Crime Mapping

Big Data

Ethical Issues When Using Big Data

Conclusion

Chapter 12: Evaluation and Policy Analysis

A Brief History of Evaluation Research

Design Decisions

Evaluation in Action

Quasi-Experimental Designs in Evaluation Research

Nonexperimental Designs

Qualitative and Quantitative Methods

Policy Research: Increasing Demand for Evidence-Based Policy

Basic Science or Applied Research

Ethics in Evaluation

Conclusion

Chapter 13: Mixing and Comparing Methods

What Are Mixed Methods?

Strengths and Limitations of Mixed Methods

Comparing Results Across Studies

Ethics and Mixed Methods

Conclusion

SECTION V: AFTER THE DATA ARE COLLECTED
Chapter 14: Analyzing Quantitative Data

Introducing Statistics

Preparing Data for Analysis

Displaying Univariate Distributions

Summarizing Univariate Distributions

Cross-Tabulating Variables

Regression and Correlation

Analyzing Data Ethically: How Not to Lie About Relationships

Conclusion

Chapter 15: Analyzing Qualitative Data

Features of Qualitative Data Analysis

Qualitative Compared With Quantitative Data Analysis

Techniques of Qualitative Data Analysis

Alternatives in Qualitative Data Analysis

Computer-Assisted Qualitative Data Analysis

Ethics in Qualitative Data Analysis

Conclusion

Chapter 16: Summarizing and Reporting Research

Research Report Goals

Writing Is Not Easy!

Research Report Types

Displaying Research

Ethics, Politics, and Reporting Research

Plagiarism

Conclusion

Appendix A: Questions to Ask About a Research Article
Appendix B: How to Read a Research Article
Glossary
References
Index