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Test Bank (Downloadable Product) for Introduction to Criminology A Text/Reader 4th Edition By Anthony Walsh, Craig Hemmens, ISBN: 9781506399249, ISBN: 9781544337678, ISBN: 9781544353227

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Downlaodable Instructor Test Bank for Introduction to Criminology A Text/Reader 4th Edition Walsh

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Test Bank for Introduction to Criminology A Text/Reader 4th Edition Walsh

Downlaodable Instructor Test Bank for Introduction to Criminology A Text/Reader 4th Edition By Anthony Walsh, Craig Hemmens, ISBN: 9781506399249, ISBN: 9781544337678, ISBN: 9781544353227

Table Of Content

Foreword
Preface
SECTION I: INTRODUCTION AND OVERVIEW OF CRIME AND CRIMINOLOGY

What Is Criminology?

What Is Crime?

Crime as a Moving Target

Crime as a Subcategory of Social Harms

Beyond Social Construction: The Stationary Core Crimes

Criminality

A Short History of Criminology

The Role of Theory in Criminology

A Brief Word About the Section Readings

Reading 1: The Use and Usefulness of Criminology, 1751–2005: Enlightened Justice and Its Failures Lawrence W. Sherman

Reading 2: What Biosocial Criminology Offers Criminology John Paul Wright and Danielle Boisvert

SECTION II: MEASURING CRIME AND CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR

Categorizing and Measuring Crime and Criminal Behavior

The Uniform Crime Reports: Counting Crime Officially

NIBRS: The “New and Improved” UCR

Crime Victimization Survey Data and Their Inherent Problems

Areas of Agreement Between the UCR and NCVS

Self-Reported Crime Surveys and Their Inherent Problems

The Dark Figure of Crime

What Can We Conclude About the Three Main Measures of Crime in America?

The FBI’s Ten Most Wanted

Reading 3: Gender Gap Trends for Violent Crimes, 1980 to 2003: A UCR-NCVS Comparison Darrell Steffensmeier, Hua Zhong, Jeff Ackerman, Jennifer Schwartz, and Suzanne Agha

Reading 4: Race and the Probability of Arrest Stewart J. D’Alessio and Lisa Stolzenberg

SECTION III: VICTIMOLOGY: EXPLORING THE EXPERIENCE OF VICTIMIZATION

The Emergence of Victimology

Who Gets Victimized?

Victimization in the Workplace and School

Child Sexual Assault: Who Gets Victimized?

Human Trafficking

Victimization Theories

Is Victimology “Blaming the Victim”?

The Consequences of Victimization

Victimization and the Criminal Justice System

Reading 5: Understanding Human Trafficking in the United States T.K. Logan, Robert Walker, and Gretchen Hunt

Reading 6: MAOA, Drug Selling, and Violent Victimization: Evidence of a Gene x Environment Interaction Stephen J. Watts, Melissa J. Tetzlaff-Bemiller, and James C. McCutcheon

SECTION IV: THE EARLY SCHOOLS OF CRIMINOLOGY AND MODERN COUNTERPARTS

Preclassical Notions of Crime and Criminals

The Classical School

The Rise of Positivism

Neoclassicism: The Return of Choice and Deterrence

Policy and Prevention: Implications of Classical and Neoclassical Theories

Is the United States Hard or Soft on Crime?

Reading 7: An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation: Of the Principle of Utility Jeremy Bentham

Reading 8: Assessing the Effect of Routine Activity Theory and Self-Control on Property, Personal, and Sexual Assault victimization Courtney A. Franklin, Travis W. Franklin, Matt R. Nobles, and Glen A. Kercher

SECTION V: SOCIAL STRUCTURAL THEORIES

The Social Structural Tradition

The Chicago School of Social Ecology/Social Disorganization

The Anomie/Strain Tradition

Gangs Today

Policy and Prevention: Implications of Social Structural Theories

Reading 9: Rural Youth Crime: A Reexamination of Social Disorganization Theory’s Applicability to Rural Areas Matthew D. Moore and Molly Sween

Reading 10: Social Structure and Anomie Robert K. Merton

SECTION VI: SOCIAL PROCESS THEORIES

The Basic Assumptions of Social Process Theories

Differential Association Theory

Ronald Akers’ Social Learning Theory

Social Control Theories

Gottfredson and Hirschi’s Low Self-Control Theory

Integrating Social Control and Self-Control Theories

Evaluation of Social Control and Self-Control Theories

Labeling Theory: The Irony of Social Reaction

Sykes and Matza’s Neutralization Theory

Evaluation of Labeling and Neutralization Theories

Policy and Prevention: Implications of Social Process Theories

Reading 11: An Examination of Differential Association and Social Control Theory: Family Systems and Delinquency Wesley T. Church II, Tracy Wharton, and Julie K. Taylor

Reading 12: Parental Low Self-Control, Parental Socialization, Young Adult Low self-Control, and Offending: A Retrospective Study Ryan C. Meldrum, Jacob T. N. Young, and Peter S. Lehmann

SECTION VII: CRITICAL THEORIES: MARXIST, CONFLICT, AND FEMINIST

The Conflict Perspective of Society

Karl Marx and Revolution

Willem Bonger: The First Marxist Criminologist

Modern Marxist Criminology

Conflict Theory: Max Weber, Power, and Conflict

Peacemaking Criminology

Evaluation of Critical Theories

Feminist Criminology

Evaluation of Feminist Theories

Policy and Prevention: Implications of Critical Theories

Reading 13: Has Criminology Awakened From Its “Androcentric Slumber”? Kimberly J. Cook

Reading 14: Patriarchy, Crime, and Justice: Feminist Criminology in an Era of Backlash Meda Chesney-Lind

SECTION VIII: INDIVIDUAL TRAITS AND CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR

Basic Assumptions of the Psychosocial Perspective on Criminal Behavior

Intelligence

The IQ/Crime Connection

Temperament and Personality

Conscience and Arousal

Glenn Walters’s Lifestyle Theory

The Antisocial Personalities

Evaluation of the Psychosocial Perspective

Policy and Prevention: Implications of Psychosocial Theories

Reading 15: What Is the Effect of IQ on Offending? Daniel P. Mears and Joshua C. Cochran

Reading 16: Recidivism in Released Lifestyle Change Program Participants Glen D. Walters

SECTION IX: BIOSOCIAL APPROACHES

Behavior Genetics

Gene-Environment Interaction and Correlation

Behavior Genetics and Criminal Behavior

Molecular Genetics

Evolutionary Psychology

The Evolution of Criminal Traits

The Neurosciences

Some Other Biosocial Risk Factors

Evaluation of the Biosocial Perspective

Policy and Prevention: Implications of Biosocial Theories

Reading 17: A Theory Explaining Biological Correlates of Criminality Lee Ellis

Reading 18: A Gene-Based Evolutionary Explanation for the Association Between Criminal Involvement and Number of Sex Partners Kevin M. Beaver, John P. Wright, and Anthony Walsh

SECTION X: DEVELOPMENTAL THEORIES: FROM DELINQUENCY TO CRIME TO DESISTANCE

Risk and Protective Factors for Serious Delinquency

Major Developmental Theories

Evaluation of Developmental Theories

Policy and Prevention: Implications of Developmental Theories

Reading 19: The Adolescence-Limited/Life-Course Persistent Theory of Antisocial Behavior: What Have We Learned? Terrie E. Moffitt and Anthony Walsh

Reading 20: A Life-Course View of the Development of Crime Robert J. Sampson and John H. Laub

SECTION XI: VIOLENT CRIMES

Murder

Rape

Robbery

Aggravated Assault

Domestic Violence

Gun Violence

Theories of Violence

Violence and Inequality

Reading 21: Getting the Upper Hand: Scripts for Managing Victim Resistance in Carjackings Heith Copes, Andy Hochstetler, and Michael Cherbonneau

Reading 22: The Abuse of Technology in Domestic Violence and Stalking Delanie Woodlock

SECTION XII: MULTIPLE MURDER AND TERRORISM

Mass, Spree, and Serial Murder

Terrorism

Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant

Reading 23: African Americans and Serial Killing in the Media: The Myth and the Reality Anthony Walsh

Reading 24: Close Cousins or Distant Relatives? The Relationship Between Terrorism and Hate Crime Kathleen Deloughery, Ryan D. King, and Victor Asal

SECTION XIII: PROPERTY CRIME

Larceny/Theft

Burglary

Motor Vehicle Theft

Arson

Crimes of Guile and Deceit: Embezzlement, Fraud, and Forgery/Counterfeiting

Cybercrime: Oh What a Tangled World Wide Web We Weave

Reading 25: The Impact of Neighborhood Context on Spatiotemporal Patterns of Burglary Matt R. Nobles, Jeffrey T. Ward, and Rob Tillyer

Reading 26: Exploring the Subculture of Ideologically Motivated Cyber-Attackers Thomas J. Holt, Joshua D. Freilich, and Steven M. Chermak

SECTION XIV: PUBLIC ORDER CRIME

The Scope of the Alcohol/Crime Problem

The Effects of Alcohol and Context on Behavior

Drunk Driving

Alcoholism: Type I and Type II

Illegal Drugs and Crime

Prostitution and Commercialized Vice

Reading 27: Medical Marijuana and Crime: Further Evidence From the Western States Edward M. Shepard and Paul R. Blackley

Reading 28: DUI Offenders’ Beliefs About DUI Statutes and DUI Law Enforcement: Implications for Deterrence Marianne Goodfellow and Catharine Kilgore

SECTION XV: WHITE-COLLAR AND ORGANIZED CRIME

The Concept of White-Collar Crime

Occupational Crime

Corporate Crime

Organized Crime

Theories of Organized Crime

Reading 29: Criminal Thinking and Identity in Male White-Collar Offenders Glenn D. Walters and Matthew D. Geyer

Reading 30: Corporate Environmental Crime and Environmental Justice Matthew Greife, Paul B. Stretesky, Tara O’Connor Shelley, and Mark Pogrebin
Glossary
References
Index
About the Authors